20 January 2017
Moscow: 01:09
London: 22:09

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POPULATION DATA

According to the 2010 census, Russia had approximately 142,9 million inhabitants, roughly 102 million in the European part, and 41 million in the Asian part.

Most Russians derive from the Eastern Slavic family of peoples, with Turkic (8.4%), Caucasian (3.3%), Uralic (1.9%) and other minorities.

Birth rate: 13.1 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)

Death rate: 13.9 deaths/1,000 population (2010 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.46 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 8.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.9 years
male: 61.8 years
female: 74.2 years (2008 est.)

Total fertility rate:1.28 children born/woman (2006 est.)

The Russian Federation is home to as many as 160 different ethnic groups and indigenous peoples. As of the 2002 census, 79.83% of the population (115,889,107 people) is ethnically Russian, followed by (groups larger than one million):

Most smaller groups live compactly in their respective regions and can be categorized by language group The ethnic divisions used here are those of the official census, and may in some respects be controversial. The following lists all ethnicites resolved by the 2002 census, grouped by language:

Some 1.6% of the population are ethnicities not native to the Russian territory. The census has an additional group of ’other’ ethnicities of 42,980 (0.03%).

Russia experiences a constant flow of immigration. On average, 200 thousand legal immigrants enter the country every year; about half are ethnic Russians from the other republics of the former Soviet Union. In addition, there are at least 1.5 million illegal immigrants in the country. There is a significant inflow of ethnic Georgians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Tajiks, and Ukrainians into big Russian cities.

Languages

Russian is the common official language throughout the Russian Federation understood by 99% of its current inhabitants and widespread in many adjacent areas of Asia and Eastern Europe. National subdivisions of Russia have additional official languages. There more than 100 languages spoken in Russia.