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AMBASSADOR'S ARTICLES

08.08.2013

Independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia: Why it happened (by Alexander Yakovenko, Russian Ambassador to UK)

In August 2008, the President of Georgia, in breach of the UN Charter and in violation of other international obligations and commitments, started a conflict which resulted in the loss of civilian lives and destruction.

The aim was to re-establish control over South Ossetia. The same fate awaited the republic of Abkhazia.

This was not the first attempt. In 1991, then-Georgian President Gamsakhurdia, acting under the slogan ‘Georgia for Georgians’, ordered an offensive on Sukhum in Abkhazia and Tskhinval in South Ossetia, causing thousands of deaths, tens of thousands of refugees and dozens of villages abandoned.

It was Russia who stopped the genocide against the people of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Moscow became a mediator and a peacemaker helping to find a political solution. At the same time, we have always respected the territorial integrity of Georgia.

However, the Georgian leader chose the path of undermining the process of negotiation and ignoring the agreements reached, attacking the peacekeepers and engaging in political and military provocations. It was clear that the Georgian leader did not want to settle the issue by peaceful means but instead was preparing for war.

On August 8, 2008, President Saakashvili ordered a military onslaught in the dead of night in order to achieve his goal. The Russian military, forming part of the CIS-mandated peace-keeping mission, was the first to come under attack and suffered casualties. Russia had no choice but to exercise its right to self-defense.

Aftermath of the armed hostilities in Tskhinvali, South Ossetia, 2008 (RIA Novosti / Maksim Avdeev)

The Georgian attacks, repeated over the years, eliminated any trace of hope that the people of Ossetia, Abkhazia and Georgia could peacefully co-exist within a single state in the foreseeable future. The people of South Ossetia and Abkhazia had repeatedly voted for the independence of their republics. We understand that after what happened they have a right to decide for themselves.

The presidents of South Ossetia and Abkhazia appealed to Russia with a request to recognize the state sovereignty of their republics. Russia’s parliament voted in favor, since that was the only way to preserve the right of these peoples to self-determination, as well as to ensure peace and stability in the region, to save lives and create a secure environment for the two nations’ development. For it is not people who exist for a state, but the other way around.

Based on the provisions of the UN Charter, the 1970 declaration on the principles of international law concerning friendly relations among states, OSCE Helsinki Final Act of 1975 and other international instruments, then-President Medvedev on August 26, 2008, signed decrees on the recognition by the Russian Federation of the independence of the South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

Since then, the two republics have been recognized by a number of states and have embarked upon a process of national reconstruction and this is the new reality.




LATEST EVENTS

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26.01.2018 - UNGA: Glorification of Nazism must stop (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

In December the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the traditional resolution on “Combating the glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance”. It was supported by an overwhelming majority of UN Member States: 133 states voted for this document, 57 became its co-sponsors, and only Ukraine and the United States voted against.


29.11.2017 - Afghan opium production jumps to record level (by Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko for RT)

According to the latest Afghanistan Opium Survey released by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in 2017 opium production in Afghanistan increased by 87 per cent to a record level of 9,000 metric tons. The area under opium poppy cultivation also grew by 63 per cent to its highest level of 328,000 hectares. Afghanistan is the world's top cultivator of the poppy from which opium and heroin are produced. The 2017 record levels of opium production and poppy cultivation create multiple challenges for the country, its neighbours and many other countries that serve as a transit for or a destination of Afghan opiates. The significant levels of opium poppy cultivation and illicit trafficking of opiates fuel instability, insurgency and increase funding to terrorist groups in Afghanistan.


19.10.2017 - Why to fight with memorials (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The campaign in Poland against World War II memorials to Soviet officers and soldiers, who had liberated the country from the Nazi occupation, is gaining momentum. Warsaw has created a legal framework allowing the disposal of Soviet/Russian memorial objects or taking them out of public sight, including the most widespread monuments of gratitude to the Red Army. Why?


18.10.2017 - Syria: collective humanitarian efforts, not sanctions, are needed more than ever (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The situation in Syria is undergoing serious transformation. Due to the de-escalation process, it has now become possible to drastically reduce the level of violence, to improve the humanitarian situation as well as to fight terrorists more efficiently. The ISIS-controlled territory is shrinking. On 14-15 September, at the international meeting in Astana all four de-escalation zones were finalized.


05.10.2017 - What You Have to Know about Status of Crimea (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The coup d’état in Kiev in February 2014 backed by the West tore up the constitutional space in Ukraine. The legitimate President of the country was overthrown. It was marked by a severe lack of democracy and violence that posed a direct threat to the well-being of Russian-speaking population of Crimea. Citizens of Crimea faced the choice of becoming an oppressed minority or severing their ties with the hostile regime to secure a future for themselves and their children. The decision to hold a referendum was made by legitimate local authorities. The independence of Crimea was proclaimed and an appeal to enter the Russian Federation was made based on the indisputable results of the popular vote. Standards of international law were fully observed as the right of nations to self-determination enshrined in the UN Charter was exercised freely by the Crimeans. Crimea was recognized as an independent and sovereign state by Russia and on 18 March 2014 in Moscow the two countries signed a Treaty of Unification, under which the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol became two new regions - subjects of the Russian Federation.


05.10.2017 - NATO increased military presence in Europe: road to nowhere (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

As part of the implementation of the conclusions of the NATO Summit in Warsaw, four multinational battlegroups have been deployed in Poland, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia with the total number of troops exceeding 4500. The idea of creating similar rotating units in Bulgaria and Romania in 2018 is being widely discussed by NATO members. If put together, these battlegroups amount to a motorized infantry brigade with heavy weapons.


30.09.2017 - Russia’s initiative on protecting SMM OSCE in South-East of Ukraine (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

On 5th September, at the 9th BRICS Summit in Xiamen President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin has announced an initiative to establish the United Nations Mission on Support in Protecting the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) OSCE in the South-East of Ukraine.


25.09.2017 - Eurasian Economic Union today (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Though hardly noticeable in the Western media, the Eurasian economic cooperation is booming, with the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) becoming an increasingly effective integration project. The unique format of enhanced economic coordination along with the EAEU member states’ retained political sovereignty and cultural identity is proving itself.


25.09.2017 - On Russia's assistance to Central Asia (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Russia attaches great importance to the issue of sustainable development as it is underlined by the UN. Among our priorities in this area is the development of Central Asia. We contribute to the development of this region on a regular basis, regardless of the global economic crisis and its negative effect on Russia’s economy. In today’s world, international aid is often politically motivated and aimed at exerting one’s influence. Russia has a different approach.



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