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AMBASSADOR'S ARTICLES

26.03.2015

NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY: RUSSIA’S REFLECTIONS

The Non-Proliferation Treaty is the cornerstone of the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The Treaty has contributed hugely to the prevention of the spread of nuclear weapons, created conditions for progress towards nuclear disarmament, as well as contributed to productive international cooperation in peaceful uses of atomic energy. It meets the fundamental interests of all participants, both nuclear-armed and non-nuclear countries. Consistent strengthening of the NPT, as well as finding ways to respond to new threats and challenges, is a common task of the international community.

On 27April – 22 May, we will be taking part in the NPT Review Conference in New York. It is important that during this event all states parties reaffirm their commitment to the Treaty and the indivisible nature of obligations thereunder, and speak in favour of further strengthening the nuclear nonproliferation regime. As a state party to the NPT and as one of its depositaries, Russia strictly follows the provisions of the Treaty, and reaffirms its continued and unconditional support for the NPT.

Russia’s priorities at the upcoming Review Conference, among other things, include the task to continue efforts on universalization of the NPT by calling upon all countries that are still outside the Treaty to accede to it. Equally important is to continue to implement the Action Plan agreed at 2010 Review Conference along with the efforts to create a WMD-free zone in the Middle East. We hope that progress can be achieved in creating a WMD-free zone in South-East Asia. We welcome work on further WMD-free zones, where appropriate, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among interested states. Russia urges the entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) as soon as possible, and supports a launch of comprehensive negotiations on a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty (FMCT). We count on further universalization of the IAEA additional protocol and call on the states that have not yet adopted it to do so. The Review Conference should also reaffirm that unimpeded access to peaceful nuclear energy is provided to all the states parties to the Treaty.

Russia is one of the leading countries in the field of nuclear disarmament. A new Russia-US START Treaty has been effectively being implemented by the sides since its entry into force in 2011 with the view of achieving agreed limits by 2018, i.e. 700 missiles, 1550 warheads, 800 launchers.

We hope that the upcoming NPT Review Conference will address all the issues of mutual concern. On our part, we will take every effort to make this Conference a success and expect the same from our partners. The NPT continues to play a key role as an international legal instrument in ensuring international security and stability. Let’s ensure that it will continue to do so in the future.




LATEST EVENTS

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According to the latest Afghanistan Opium Survey released by the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in 2017 opium production in Afghanistan increased by 87 per cent to a record level of 9,000 metric tons. The area under opium poppy cultivation also grew by 63 per cent to its highest level of 328,000 hectares. Afghanistan is the world's top cultivator of the poppy from which opium and heroin are produced. The 2017 record levels of opium production and poppy cultivation create multiple challenges for the country, its neighbours and many other countries that serve as a transit for or a destination of Afghan opiates. The significant levels of opium poppy cultivation and illicit trafficking of opiates fuel instability, insurgency and increase funding to terrorist groups in Afghanistan.


19.10.2017 - Why to fight with memorials (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The campaign in Poland against World War II memorials to Soviet officers and soldiers, who had liberated the country from the Nazi occupation, is gaining momentum. Warsaw has created a legal framework allowing the disposal of Soviet/Russian memorial objects or taking them out of public sight, including the most widespread monuments of gratitude to the Red Army. Why?


18.10.2017 - Syria: collective humanitarian efforts, not sanctions, are needed more than ever (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The situation in Syria is undergoing serious transformation. Due to the de-escalation process, it has now become possible to drastically reduce the level of violence, to improve the humanitarian situation as well as to fight terrorists more efficiently. The ISIS-controlled territory is shrinking. On 14-15 September, at the international meeting in Astana all four de-escalation zones were finalized.


05.10.2017 - What You Have to Know about Status of Crimea (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The coup d’état in Kiev in February 2014 backed by the West tore up the constitutional space in Ukraine. The legitimate President of the country was overthrown. It was marked by a severe lack of democracy and violence that posed a direct threat to the well-being of Russian-speaking population of Crimea. Citizens of Crimea faced the choice of becoming an oppressed minority or severing their ties with the hostile regime to secure a future for themselves and their children. The decision to hold a referendum was made by legitimate local authorities. The independence of Crimea was proclaimed and an appeal to enter the Russian Federation was made based on the indisputable results of the popular vote. Standards of international law were fully observed as the right of nations to self-determination enshrined in the UN Charter was exercised freely by the Crimeans. Crimea was recognized as an independent and sovereign state by Russia and on 18 March 2014 in Moscow the two countries signed a Treaty of Unification, under which the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol became two new regions - subjects of the Russian Federation.


05.10.2017 - NATO increased military presence in Europe: road to nowhere (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

As part of the implementation of the conclusions of the NATO Summit in Warsaw, four multinational battlegroups have been deployed in Poland, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia with the total number of troops exceeding 4500. The idea of creating similar rotating units in Bulgaria and Romania in 2018 is being widely discussed by NATO members. If put together, these battlegroups amount to a motorized infantry brigade with heavy weapons.


30.09.2017 - Russia’s initiative on protecting SMM OSCE in South-East of Ukraine (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

On 5th September, at the 9th BRICS Summit in Xiamen President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin has announced an initiative to establish the United Nations Mission on Support in Protecting the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) OSCE in the South-East of Ukraine.


25.09.2017 - Eurasian Economic Union today (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Though hardly noticeable in the Western media, the Eurasian economic cooperation is booming, with the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) becoming an increasingly effective integration project. The unique format of enhanced economic coordination along with the EAEU member states’ retained political sovereignty and cultural identity is proving itself.


25.09.2017 - On Russia's assistance to Central Asia (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

Russia attaches great importance to the issue of sustainable development as it is underlined by the UN. Among our priorities in this area is the development of Central Asia. We contribute to the development of this region on a regular basis, regardless of the global economic crisis and its negative effect on Russia’s economy. In today’s world, international aid is often politically motivated and aimed at exerting one’s influence. Russia has a different approach.


25.09.2017 - IX BRICS Summit – turning into a global organisation (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

The 9th BRICS summit in Xiamen, China, has emphasized the proximity of positions of the member states on the current global problems. It demonstrated that over the last 10 years BRICS has grown into a full-fledged international mechanism for global cooperation.


08.09.2017 - SCO sets standards for countering extremism (by Ambassador Yakovenko for RT)

In June 2017, the leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) signed the SCO Convention on Countering Extremism, which will help strengthen the international legal framework to address new challenges and threats as well as increase the effectiveness of cooperation between relevant authorities of the member states and to improve legislation in this area.



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