16 October 2018
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London: 09:08

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SPEECHES, INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES

25.03.2013

Ambassador’s Notebook: Economic Integration in the CIS – New Realities

Multilateral cooperation and economic integration in the CIS are not only a function of history and geography; they are an economy-driven process involving numerous levels and dimensions. This process involves simultaneously promoting various different integration formats in response to states’ differing levels of political and economic participation.

These include the creation of Free Trade Areas, the Customs Union, and the Common Economic Space with the broader aim of establishing a Eurasian Economic Union by 2015.

There has been considerable progress in the integration process across the region. The Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan was launched on July 1, 2011. In January 2012, fundamental international agreements necessary for the establishment of the Common Economic Space came into effect. We are glad to see that Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are displaying an active interest in the process.

The Eurasian Economic Commission, a supranational permanent regulating body for the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space has been up and running since February 2012. The establishment of a Eurasian Economic Union by 2015 is an ambitious, but attainable, task that will have a profound effect on the future of the entire CIS region.

A CIS Free Trade Agreement was signed in October 2011. Russia ratified it in April 2012. The treaty complies with WTO rules and will replace a series of multilateral and bilateral agreements in the region.

One important aspect of cooperation within the CIS is promoting technology and innovation cooperation as part of the broader modernization drive. This will be carried out on the basis of the Inter-State Program of Innovation Cooperation to 2020.

Integration is built around core agreements between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. This does not mean that we are distancing ourselves from the other CIS countries. Eurasian integration is an open process. We aim to further strengthen multifaceted, equitable, and mutually beneficial cooperation with all CIS States. At the same time, we are working to enhance trade and investment cooperation with international integration bodies in order to establish a common economic space. It is important to ensure that our CIS neighbors do not have to face an artificial choice between the Western and the Eastern integration vectors, and ensure that they are able to participate in a broader integration process embracing the Eurasian region as a whole. In fact, they are mutually compatible and complimentary.

We understand that Russia, as a pivot of CIS integration, bears particular responsibility. The prosperity of the whole group of integrating states depends on our economic performance. That is why our fundamental economic aim is to strengthen our competitiveness in key aspects of Russia’s business environment, from lending and taxation to bureaucratic procedures and a low inflation rate.

Ukraine occupies a special place in cooperation within the CIS. We are connected by a long history of friendly ties, economic cooperation, and a common cultural heritage. There is great potential for cooperation on trade and investment, infrastructure projects, science and technology. We are actively engaged in negotiations on the creation of an FTA with Ukraine. We will welcome Ukraine's participation in the CIS integration process.

Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov noted that Russia, as a future G8 chair, intends to draw the international community’s attention to issues related to Eurasian integration within the context of accelerated integration processes and their increasing role in global economic development. This global trend will have a huge impact on our region. We believe that this integration process is very dynamic and we hope it will be successful.

The CIS integration process is open and based on the same principles that lie at the core of similar processes in Europe, as well as those that underpin the WTO. This gives us reason to believe that the fundamental goal of establishing a common economic and cultural space stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific is both realistic and attainable.




LATEST EVENTS

27.09.2018 - Remarks by Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov at the UN Security Council meeting, September 26, 2018

Mr President, Colleagues, In the modern world, an efficient fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is becoming increasingly important for global and regional stability and the reliable security of all states without exception. Constructive cooperation in this area is an important component of the efforts to shape a positive international agenda. I think everybody agrees that the UN Security Council resolutions that outline specific measures against violations of non-proliferation must be strictly observed. Resolution 1540 remains the basis for this and contains obligations for the member states to take specific measures to prevent non-government agents from accessing weapons of mass destruction and their components. The UNSC decisions taken in pursuance of this resolution are particularly important as they include sanctions for handing over any types of weapons to terrorists. There have been incidents of such handovers and they must be thoroughly investigated.


07.09.2018 - Remarks by Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, following the UNSC meeting on the incident in Salisbury

Q: Do you expect British sanctions on Russia soon? A: We are not expecting or afraid of anything. Taking to the account how things have been developing during the recent years we do not exclude anything. This discussion and yesterday’s speech by the British Prime-Minister in the British Parliament are not coincidental. I think that’s looks like a prelude to a new political season. Q: So, Ambassador it’s really coming from the highest level in the UK. A: It always comes from the highest level. Last time when the incident took place it also came from the highest level. Q: But it seems that you are not taking it seriously. A: We are taking it very seriously. We were saying it all the time. Why we’ve been asking for cooperation with the UK from day one. Only few minutes ago Ambassador Pierce was referring to an ultimatum that Boris Johnson made in his letter to the Russian Ambassador in London when the incident took place presented as a request by the British site to cooperate while in fact it was a demand to to accept the gilt. At the same time our requests which we sent to British authorities constantly through OPCW and bilaterally were ignored.


06.09.2018 - Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s remarks at Bolshaya Igra (Great Game) talk show on Channel One, Moscow, September 4, 2018

Question: Today we have a special guest in our studio, one of the main participants in the “great game”, someone the future of the world really depends on in many ways: Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. We are happy to welcome you in the Great Game studio. Sergey Lavrov: Thanks for inviting me.


22.08.2018 - Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov's comment on UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt's anti-Russian claims

At a joint news conference following talks with Foreign Minister of Serbia Ivica Dacic Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov commented on UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt's urges to European partners to slap their own sanctions on Russia in connection with the Salisbury incident.


16.08.2018 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's interview for "Salisbury Journal"

The Russian Ambassador said he stands together with the people of Salisbury in a meeting with the Journal last week, as the United States announced new sanctions against the country. Speaking at his official residence in Kensington Palace Gardens on Thursday, Alexander Yakovenko said: “We are together with the people of Salisbury.”


24.06.2018 - Greeting by Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko for the Znaniye school Family Day (Ealing, 24 June 2018)

Dear friends and guests, I am delighted to welcome you at a Family Day celebrating Russia and the World Cup. Today, Russia is the place to be for the whole world. It is a great pleasure to hear fans from all continents appreciating Russia’s hospitality, friendliness and openness to everyone. Right now, people from virtually every country see the 11 host cities, from the Baltic Sea to the Urals on the border of Europe and Asia, and realize how diverse and beautiful our country is. We’d like to bring a bit of Russia and the excitement of the World Cup to Ealing, for those who couldn’t make it to the tournament. By the way, so far both our teams are doing very well, and let us hope they keep up this good work. We cheer for both Russia and England but I’m afraid this can change if both teams meet at the semi-finals.


20.06.2018 - Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s remarks and answers to questions at the Primakov Readings international forum, Moscow, May 30, 2018

Mr Dynkin, Colleagues and friends, Ladies and gentlemen, I am grateful for a new opportunity to speak at the international forum named after Academician Evgeny Primakov, an outstanding Russian statesman, academic and public figure. It is indeed a great honour for me. I consider Mr Primakov, with whom I worked at the Foreign Ministry in the latter half of the 1990s, my senior comrade and teacher, as probably do the majority of those who crossed paths with him at one point. Holding this representative conference under the aegis of one of Russia’s leading academic institutes – National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) that also bears Primakov’s name – has become a good tradition. The Primakov Readings have earned a reputation as a venue for serious dialogue of authoritative specialists on the most pressing issues of international politics and the global economy. Today, there is no lack of buzzwords used by politicians, experts and scientists to capture the current moment in international relations. They talk about the crisis of the “liberal world order” and the advent of the post-Western era, “hot peace” and the “new cold war”. The abundance of terms itself shows that there is probably no common understanding of what is happening. It also points to the fairly dynamic and contradictory state of the system of international relations that is hard to characterise, at least at the present stage, with one resounding phrase. The authors of the overarching theme of the current Primakov Readings probably handled the challenge better than others. In its title “Risks of an unstable world order’ they provocatively, and unacademically, combine the words “unstable” and “order”.


21.04.2018 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's talking points at the Press Conference, 20 April 2018

Since we met last time a lot of events took place: - Military strikes of the United States, UK and France against Syria in violation of the international law - Mission by OPCW inspectors to Douma - Speech of Prime Minister May in Parliament in support of the British aggression against Syria - Special meeting of the OPCW Executive Council (18 April 2018) - New developments in the classified case of Salisbury poisoning of Skripal family - No meaningful developments on the Glushkov case - and Cyber security threats I plan to comment all these issues. And I will be happy to answer all our questions, if you have any.


17.03.2018 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's interview for "Mail on Sunday" (full text)

Q: Bearing in mind that the US, France and Germany have said they agree with Britain that all the evidence suggests the attacks in Salisbury were the responsibility of the Russian state, what credibility can be placed on the denials issued by the Russian Government? A:We don't know if UK presented any evidence to US, France and Germany - highly likely none - but if they did, why not present it through the channels outlined in the Chemical Weapons Convention? Universal legal principle is presumption of innocence, and the burden of proof lies with the British Government. Its record includes the Iraq WMD dossier - you will remember that at some point doubting US and UK claims was considered a wild conspiracy theory. It is not any more.


26.01.2018 - Main foreign policy outcomes of 2017

In 2017, Russian diplomacy addressed multidimensional tasks to ensure national security and create a favourable external environment for our country's progressive development. Russia maintained an independent foreign policy, promoted a unifying agenda, and proposed constructive solutions to international problems and conflicts. It developed mutually beneficial relations with all interested states, and played an active role in the work of the UN, multilateral organisations and forums, including the G20, BRICS, the SCO, the OSCE, and the CSTO. Among other things, Russian policy has sought to prevent the destabilisation of international relations, and this responsible policy has met with broad understanding in the international community.



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