19 July 2018
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Interview of the Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov by the Abkhazian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company, Moscow, 25 August 2013

Question:Abkhazia is on the eve of its anniversary. Five years ago the Russian Federation acknowledged the sovereignty of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in very complicated conditions. This allowed the removal of tensions in the region and the countries became entities under international law. What is your assessment of the situation today?

Sergey Lavrov:The decision made on the 26 August 2008 regarding the acknowledgement of independence of the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of South Ossetia was a very difficult one. It was made based on a very deep comprehensive analysis of the situation, which led the Russian Government to the conclusion that it would be very hard – if not impossible – to ensure not only the security of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, but also the survival of these peoples without the acknowledgement of independence of these Republics, without the establishment of allied relations. The treacherous attack (of Georgia) on South Ossetia was not a single act. According to established facts, the same thing was also being prepared for Abkhazia.

Our relations have a long history, but unfortunately, they have been far from trouble-free, and this was not the fault of Abkhazians and South Ossetians. We all know what the attitude to these Republics was in Soviet times. I will not go into detail, but the most serious strike out at the relationship with Georgians, Ossetians and Abkhazians was certainly the enthronement of Mr Gamsakhurdia in Tbilisi, who proclaimed a true chauvinistic course, in fact, a course for ethnic cleansing: “Georgia for the Georgians”, “Abkhazians need to be naturalized”, “Ossetians should get behind the Caucasus Mountain Range”. It was back then when the war started, when the Georgians using their right for a referendum on withdrawal from the USSR provided under Soviet law, refused Abkhazia and South Ossetia that very same right, although it was envisaged for autonomous republics under the same law.

Everybody knows when the war started, how bloody it was, how the Russian Federation helped stop it and finally bring this process to the negotiation table. Besides, we did not hide our aspirations to really help in reaching the agreements between Tbilisi and Sukhumi, Tbilisi and Tskhinvali. An international structure under the aegis of the UN was acting for Abkhazia helping to find an agreement. A similar structure under the aegis of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation was working for South Ossetia. Unfortunately, the Georgian party had been trying to restore territorial integrity by force during all these years, especially, when Mr Saakashvili acceded to power. The events of August 2008, when the treacherous order to attack the sleeping city was given, became the quintessence of the policy, which Mr Saakashvili was trying to pursue. We certainly took into account the totality of all these factors, when making our decisions about the acknowledgement of the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Many things have been done since then. We are allies, we have an Agreement on friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance, a very full and complete legal framework, about 80 interstate and intergovernmental agreements. Another 30 documents are at the negotiation stage. In the new Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation relations with Abkhazia and South Ossetia are included in a special chapter. We are interested in continuing to provide assistance to the Republic of Abkhazia ensuring its security, social and economic restoration, strengthening its international position and the establishment of the country in general as a modern and democratic state, where all people irrespective of their ethnic or other origin, feel equal, free and protected by the law. The course for consistent support of the Republic of Abkhazia to build such a state was recently confirmed by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin at his meeting with President Aleksandr Ankvab.

Our position is not volatile, we are sincerely interested in faster restoration of infrastructure in the social and economic sphere, and for that purpose we provide assistance, including financial. Mechanisms of interaction with the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of South Ossetia are operative, in particular, intergovernmental commissions on trade and economic cooperation headed by the Vice Prime Minister of the Russian Government, Alexander Khloponin, and an interagency commission created in addition to these and headed by the Assistant to the President, Tatyana Golikova, and the Deputy Secretary of the Security Council of Russia, Rashid Nurgaliyev. This all helps to ensure more coordination in the targeting actions of our economic and other agencies for effective assistance to the Republic of Abkhazia. Certainly our goal is to make all these mechanisms work effectively, with maximum benefit for the country, for Abkhazian citizens. Gradually we hope to create conditions for our cooperation to become more mutually beneficial and the economy of Abkhazia to become self-reliant. Certainly not 100%, but there is room for that and the investment projects which are currently being discussed now and which will play a significant role here. In general, I am convinced that we have good prospects, not to mention centuries-long traditional links, which have always been enriched by human communication, and cooperation in the area of science, culture and education. All this is in demand among Russian and Abkhazian nationals.

From the point of view of the international positions of the Republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, in my opinion, there is a strong prejudice expressed by our Western partners and some other countries, when they view the events in the Caucasus. They see and know the real situation, but are trying to apply double standards through inertia and to politicise the attitude to the already established fact of the independence of the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of South Ossetia. Nevertheless, in this situation Abkhazia continues to maintain contacts, exchange visits with the countries, which had acknowledged it. We welcome this and think that the number of such countries will increase. From our contacts with the diplomatic corps represented in Moscow, we know that the ambassadors of Abkhazia and South Ossetia are conversation partners who are significantly in demand by many heads of diplomatic missions from western and developing countries. Certainly the fact that Geneva talks have been ongoing for more than 3 years is an important indicator that the real situation should still be taken into account, rather than just dealing with unilateral propaganda. The reality of it all and the Geneva talks are acknowledged, because in this format Abkhazia and South Ossetia are equal participants in the discussion of security issues in the Caucasus together with representatives of Russia, the United States, the OSCE, the UN, the European Union and Georgia. Despite the fact that steps forward are very slow, in general, we have a common understanding – and we hope that it will be implemented in the future – about the need to agree once and forever not to use force. There are specific propositions to that end. We just need to discuss them sincerely and look at the existing reality. And the reality is – it is Abkhazia and Georgia, South Ossetia and Georgia, who need to agree.

I am convinced that for the benefit of us all – primarily in the interests of Abkhazians, Ossetians, and Georgians – we have to establish neighbourly relations in this region. We note the statement of the new Georgian Government about their aspiration to establish such relations. Russia welcomes this. We think that, if we start with the interests of ordinary people, help them establish links in issues of everyday life, implement their interests, all geopolitical prejudices may be put aside. We need to start from the existing state of affairs and think about people, not about geopolitical ambitions, even more so because, as we have said many times, they are absolutely not implementable.

In completing my answer to this question, I would like to say that many things have been done, but there is still much more to achieve ahead of us. As we have felt from our contacts with our Abkhazian friends, they are ready for that.

Question:We have two big anniversaries this year – five years since the acknowledgement of the sovereignty of Abkhazia, and 20 years since the victory of the Abkhazian people in the Great Patriotic War. We would like to hear your wishes to the Abkhazian people.

Sergey Lavrov:I have already touched upon the tragic pages of the fate of the Abkhazian people in my answer to the previous question. I wish them the main thing – peace, so no more blood is ever spilled, but the Abkhazian people are not discriminated against and are open to cooperation with their neighbours, with Russia, of course, with everybody living in the Caucasus. We can only make this region flourish together, only united can we achieve competitiveness in the world, which is becoming more and more globalized. We need to combine our efforts to achieve positive results to the maximum extent both for the country and its people.


24.06.2018 - Greeting by Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko for the Znaniye school Family Day (Ealing, 24 June 2018)

Dear friends and guests, I am delighted to welcome you at a Family Day celebrating Russia and the World Cup. Today, Russia is the place to be for the whole world. It is a great pleasure to hear fans from all continents appreciating Russia’s hospitality, friendliness and openness to everyone. Right now, people from virtually every country see the 11 host cities, from the Baltic Sea to the Urals on the border of Europe and Asia, and realize how diverse and beautiful our country is. We’d like to bring a bit of Russia and the excitement of the World Cup to Ealing, for those who couldn’t make it to the tournament. By the way, so far both our teams are doing very well, and let us hope they keep up this good work. We cheer for both Russia and England but I’m afraid this can change if both teams meet at the semi-finals.

20.06.2018 - Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s remarks and answers to questions at the Primakov Readings international forum, Moscow, May 30, 2018

Mr Dynkin, Colleagues and friends, Ladies and gentlemen, I am grateful for a new opportunity to speak at the international forum named after Academician Evgeny Primakov, an outstanding Russian statesman, academic and public figure. It is indeed a great honour for me. I consider Mr Primakov, with whom I worked at the Foreign Ministry in the latter half of the 1990s, my senior comrade and teacher, as probably do the majority of those who crossed paths with him at one point. Holding this representative conference under the aegis of one of Russia’s leading academic institutes – National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) that also bears Primakov’s name – has become a good tradition. The Primakov Readings have earned a reputation as a venue for serious dialogue of authoritative specialists on the most pressing issues of international politics and the global economy. Today, there is no lack of buzzwords used by politicians, experts and scientists to capture the current moment in international relations. They talk about the crisis of the “liberal world order” and the advent of the post-Western era, “hot peace” and the “new cold war”. The abundance of terms itself shows that there is probably no common understanding of what is happening. It also points to the fairly dynamic and contradictory state of the system of international relations that is hard to characterise, at least at the present stage, with one resounding phrase. The authors of the overarching theme of the current Primakov Readings probably handled the challenge better than others. In its title “Risks of an unstable world order’ they provocatively, and unacademically, combine the words “unstable” and “order”.

21.04.2018 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's talking points at the Press Conference, 20 April 2018

Since we met last time a lot of events took place: - Military strikes of the United States, UK and France against Syria in violation of the international law - Mission by OPCW inspectors to Douma - Speech of Prime Minister May in Parliament in support of the British aggression against Syria - Special meeting of the OPCW Executive Council (18 April 2018) - New developments in the classified case of Salisbury poisoning of Skripal family - No meaningful developments on the Glushkov case - and Cyber security threats I plan to comment all these issues. And I will be happy to answer all our questions, if you have any.

17.03.2018 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's interview for "Mail on Sunday" (full text)

Q: Bearing in mind that the US, France and Germany have said they agree with Britain that all the evidence suggests the attacks in Salisbury were the responsibility of the Russian state, what credibility can be placed on the denials issued by the Russian Government? A:We don't know if UK presented any evidence to US, France and Germany - highly likely none - but if they did, why not present it through the channels outlined in the Chemical Weapons Convention? Universal legal principle is presumption of innocence, and the burden of proof lies with the British Government. Its record includes the Iraq WMD dossier - you will remember that at some point doubting US and UK claims was considered a wild conspiracy theory. It is not any more.

26.01.2018 - Main foreign policy outcomes of 2017

In 2017, Russian diplomacy addressed multidimensional tasks to ensure national security and create a favourable external environment for our country's progressive development. Russia maintained an independent foreign policy, promoted a unifying agenda, and proposed constructive solutions to international problems and conflicts. It developed mutually beneficial relations with all interested states, and played an active role in the work of the UN, multilateral organisations and forums, including the G20, BRICS, the SCO, the OSCE, and the CSTO. Among other things, Russian policy has sought to prevent the destabilisation of international relations, and this responsible policy has met with broad understanding in the international community.

17.01.2018 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's remarks at the unveiling of memorial plaque in Sayes Court Park

Dear Mayor, Dear Councillors, Lady Joan, Ladies and gentlemen, It is now 320 years ago that a truly remarkable man set foot in Deptford. As you know, the Russian Tsar Peter, later named the Great, visited Western Europe in 1697—1698 under the nickname of Peter Mikhailov, with his Grand Embassy. He was eager to find out about the latest achievements in science and technology and create new diplomatic alliances. Of course, England couldn’t escape his attention. He mostly studied shipbuilding at the famous Deptford Dockyard, but he also met King William III, and, reportedly, Isaac Newton. Peter’s landlord, the famous John Evelyn, was also a respected scientist – a founder member of the Royal Society.

13.12.2017 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's remarks at the Presentation of the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia by Russia 2018 Local Organising Committee.

Ladies and gentlemen, dear friends, I am pleased to welcome you to the Russian Embassy at the Presentation of the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia by Russia 2018 Local Organising Committee. It’s a common knowledge, that football is the most popular game in the world. It is an honour for us to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup for the first time in the history of our country. I believe that those who come to Russia to support their national teams will leave with unforgettable memories.

08.12.2017 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's remarks at the Roscosmos "Sputnik" exhibition launch at Rossotrudnichestvo

Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's remarks at the Roscosmos "Sputnik" exhibition launch at Rossotrudnichestvo (7 December 2017)

25.11.2017 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's remarks at the reception at the Embassy dedicated to Russian Film Week (24 November 2017)

Ladies and gentlemen, Dear friends First of all, I would like to pay tribute to the outstanding Russian opera singer Dmitri Hvorostovsky who passed away this week. In 2015 he gave a concert in this very hall. I am delighted to welcome you at our reception dedicated to the Russian Film Week and the environmental causes it champions. This year their charity partner is World Wide Fund for Nature, which runs many projects in Russia in coordination and with support of the Russian Government. Russia has a unique, fascinating wildlife. A number of this week’s films show the natural beauty of our land and are sure to raise awareness of how fragile this beauty is. We appreciate the WWF effort in Russia and worldwide and call on everybody to become a supporter, especially this year, marked as Year of Ecology in Russia.

20.11.2017 - Ambassador Alexander Yakovenko's remarks at the launch of the Russian Film Week (19 November 2017)

Ladies and gentlemen, It is a pleasure for me to be at the opening of the second edition of the Russian Film Week here in London – which this year also spans to Cambridge and Edinburgh.

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